Tower of the Winds, Athens

100-50 BCE

The Tower of the Winds, named from the sculptured reliefs of wind-god that make up a frieze marking the cardinal directions on its eight sides, is located in the Roman Agora in Athens. The tower included a combination of sundials, a water clock, and a wind vane in the form of a triton. Vitruvius says that it was built by Andronicus of Cyrrhus around 50 BC, but archaeological evidence suggests that it may have been constructed in the 2nd century BCE before the rest of the forum.



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Greek (Classical)



Andronikos of Kyrrhos (Greek astronomer and architect, active late 2nd-early 1st centuries BCE), “Tower of the Winds, Athens,” Classicizing Philadelphia, accessed December 18, 2018,